correction pillar of criminal justice system

by Guest13220230  |  8 years, 7 month(s) ago

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correction pillar of criminal justice system

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  1. Guest13287198

  2. Ali Abdullah
    Hi, PHILIPPINE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Slide 2:CRIME IS MULTI-FACETED a social problem, a political problem, a spiritual problem, and an economic problem Slide 3:“the process in a community by which a crime is investigated, and the person(s) suspected for the commission thereof is/are taken into legal custody for prosecution in court and for punishment, if found guilty, with provisions being made for the correction and/or rehabilitation of the offender(s) to ensure renewed assimilation into mainstream society after service of sentence”. Slide 4:C O M M U N I T Y C O R R E C T I O N S C O U R T S P R O S E C U T I O N E N F O L R A C W E M E N T 5 PILLARS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Slide 5:VIOLATOR Law Enforce- ment Prose- cution Judicial Correc- tional COMMUNITY Flow of Violators through the Criminal Justice System (Philippine System) Slide 6:The Five (5) Pillars of Philippine Criminal Justice System A. Law Enforcement members of the Philippine National Police (PNP) - prime enforcers of the law members of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) - which is under the Department of Justice. Slide 7:I. The Philippine National Police (PNP) Creation/Nature/Powers and Functions. The 1987 Philippine Constitution itself mandates that there should be one police force that is national in scope and civilian in character, and on the basis of this constitutional precept, Republic Act No. 6975 created the Philippine National Police as the premier law enforcement agency that has the following powers and functions : Slide 8:a. Enforce all laws and ordinances relative to the protection of lives and properties; b. Maintain peace and order and take all necessary steps to ensure public safety; c. Investigate and prevent crimes, effect the arrest of criminal offenders, bring offenders to justice and assist in their prosecution; d. Exercise the general powers to make arrest, search and seizure in accordance with the Constitution and pertinent laws; e. Detain an arrested person for a period not beyond what is prescribed by law, informing the person so detained of all his rights under the Constitution; f. Issue licenses for the possession of firearms and explosives in accordance with law; g. Supervise and control the training and operations of security agencies and issue licenses to operate security agencies, and to security guards and private detectives, for the practice of their profession; and h. Perform such other duties and exercise all other functions as may be provided by law. Slide 9:B. Prosecution National Prosecution Service * the prosecution arm of the government * composed of Provincial Prosecutors, City Prosecutor, Regional Prosecutors, and State Prosecutors * placed under the supervision and control of DOJ. Slide 10:Private lawyers should also be deemed part of the CJS Prosecution Pillar because they already represent the parties (the complainant or the respondent) even in proceedings before the Prosecutors. So also, public defenders - such as the members of the Public Attorneys Office (PAO) and other Legal Aid Lawyers (IBP, CLAO, FLAG, MABINI, UP, UST, etc.) - should also be considered as part of the Prosecution Pillar. Slide 11:C. (Judicial) Courts The final determination of innocence or of guilt is done by the Judicial Component (the Courts) through the adjudication of criminal cases Suffice it to say that, in the context of the Criminal Justice System, after a suspect has passed through the Prosecution Pillar, he is sent to the proper court of justice which shall belabor itself in determining either innocence or guilt.

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